Acne and Acne Scar treatement
BROADEST RANGE OF EFFECTIVE TREATMENTS FOR ACNE AND ACNE SCARS WITH AESTHETICS MEDISPA’S EXPERTS
Acne or pimples or zits is one of the most common skin problems faced by people of both genders and across different ages. Acne occurs most often on the face, cheeks and forehead. But sometimes pimples are also found on the chest, upper back, shoulders and neck. This skin condition causes distress to patients because it significantly alters their good looks and may lead to lower confidence when interacting at social events and functions.
Not just this, when the acne problem persists it leads to scarring and can have permanent effects on the patient’s skin. At Aesthetics Medispa, we understand that acne and acne scars are a serious, worrisome issue for our patients. Hence, we have come up with comprehensive treatments that can prevent acne, cure acne and finally cosmetically eliminate acne scars.
SKIN CARE – CLEANSERS
Dr. Madhuri talks about the vital role of cleansers or face wash in your skin care routine. The main role of cleansers is to keep your skin clean, dry, supple and also moist.
How frequently you should cleanse your face?
It may vary according to your lifestyle and exposure to the surroundings. On an average, we recommend cleansing of face twice i.e in the morning and night. Cleansing the face frequently will create more problems rather than proving to be beneficial.
If your have any queries or concerns related to your ski, contact our expert Cosmetologist, Dr. Madhuri Pawar.
How do we choose the right cleanser?
Our skin is unique and so are the requirements of the skin. A cleanser which is made for oily skin may not work for dry skin, if done so, it will be more of a problem than of the benefit. Hence, choosing the right cleanser according to your skin type and pH balance is of paramount importance in you skin care regime.
What is a cleanser expected to do?
A cleanser removes the pollutants, contaminants from the face, or the makeup that we have applied to the face. It is also useful in de-clogging the pores. When cleansing is done properly, it also protects us from other skin problems like acne, comedones, blackheads etc.
What is acne?
Acne is a skin condition that causes pimples or “zits.” This includes whiteheads, blackheads, and red, inflamed patches of skin (such as cysts). It is a common problem in adolescence but can happen at any age group. The severity may vary from one individual to another, from minor acne pimples to very severe acne scarring. Prevention of acne is better than cure, hence understanding the causes, pathology, and options for acne treatment can help you prevent sequelae of acne.
Types of Acne :
If the top of the plug is white, it is called a whitehead.
If the top of the plug is dark, it is called a blackhead.
Acne that is deep in your skin can cause hard, painful cysts. This is called cystic acne.
What are the causes of acne?
Acne occurs when tiny holes on the surface of the skin become clogged. These holes are called pores. Each pore opens to a follicle. A follicle contains a hair and an oil gland. When glands produce too much oil, the pores can become blocked. Dirt, bacteria, and cells build up inside these pores leading to a full-fledged blockage. The blockage is called a plug or comedone. If bacteria start growing in that plug, they set up an inflammation-causing redness and pus. The commonest cause is an upsurge of hormones that increases the oil production and cell multiplication of the pores.
Although it may run in families indicating a genetic trait, it may be triggered by:
- Hormonal changes related to puberty, menstrual periods, pregnancy, birth control pills, or stress.
- Greasy or oily cosmetic and hair products.
- Certain drugs (such as steroids, testosterone, estrogen, and phenytoin).
- High levels of humidity and sweating.
AESTHETIC MEDISPA’S ACNE TREATMENT
Salicylic acid peel
Salicylic Acid Peel is a fast-acting mild peeling agent that combats acne effectively. It belongs to the beta-hydroxy acid family of acids. It contains properties that can remove excess oil from the skin cells. It is a great exfoliating agent and unplugs dead skin cells that cause acne. Salicylic Acid has a soothing anti-inflammatory effect on the skin which is beneficial for patients suffering from pimples.
This peel helps patients achieve brighter, smoother skin while treating acne. In case the skin has sun-damage, then Salicylic Acid can take care of that as well. It is a well-known solution for hyperpigmentation too.
At Aesthetics Medispa we recommend patients with acne problems to regularly undergo sessions with Salicylic Acid Peel for better results.
The Alpha-Beta Peel is a multi-beneficial skin peel that contains exfoliation of dead skin cells, removal of blockages and later on the introduction of skin rejuvenation acids into the skin cells.
Alpha-Beta Peel contains alpha-beta acids, retinol, chamomile and green tea extracts. All of these ingredients help in gently removing dead skin cells, soothe the skin (an anti-inflammatory effect) and hydrate it perfectly. This peel also smoothens out fine lines and wrinkles. It gives the skin a layer of protection from environmental toxins and radical agents.
A Carbon Peel is a mix of a traditional chemical peel and laser technology application. It is a state-of-the-art acne treatment which is pain-free and safe. It works well on people with oily skin, blackheads, enlarged pores, dull skin, and acne on the face or body.
At Aesthetics Medispa, our expert Cosmetologist begins by applying a layer of liquid carbon to the skin, where it penetrates deep into the pores. The laser light is highly attracted to the carbon particles. When the laser is passed over the area, it destroys the carbon, taking dead skin cells, contaminants and oil with it.
Carbon peel is a highly advantageous procedure for anyone suffering from acne and acne-related problems. Carbon peel is a deep cleansing peel that absorbs all the excess oil from the skin. It exfoliates the dead skin cells, blackheads and any other blockages in the layers of the skin. Carbon peel has a rejuvenating effect on the patient’s skin. It smoothes out fine lines and wrinkles leaving the skin tighter and firmer than before.
The best part about this peel is that it reduces the bacteria responsible for acne production. Thus it acts as a preventive measure that stops further production of new acne.
Comedonal acne is a special type of acne generally found on the forehead or chin of the patient. These are small flesh-coloured pimples and may be either blackheads or whiteheads. This type of acne needs to be extracted from the patient’s body in a well-equipped clinic. Acne extraction or Comedonal extraction should not be done at home by the patient because it will lead to infections (due to unclean nails or unsterilised needles), pre-mature scarring and permanent effect on the face.
At Aesthetics Medispa, our Cosmetologist performs Comedone extraction as a minor out-patient surgical procedure. We use the Comedone Extractor to extract the liquid inside the acne papules. Comedone Extraction is beneficial in treating acne because it removes the excess debris inside the blackheads or the whiteheads and relieves the pores of the blockages.
MNRF (Micro-Needling Radio Frequency)
MNRF is a minimally invasive surgical technique that is used by Aesthetics Medispa’s Cosmetologist to get rid of acne fruitfully. Microneedling has been used in medical science since 1995 and has gained popularity as a fabulous skin rejuvenation method. Now, with the passage of time and improvement in the method, it is also used for treating acne.
MNRF uses high frequency alternating electric current to meet the resistance in the patient’s skin. This heats up the skin and breaks the denatured collagen. MNRF induces small, controlled wound to stimulate regeneration of skin and fresh production of collagen. The doctor will apply topical anaesthesia before the process begins. The power of the machine and the timer is set manually by our cosmetologist and it is different for every patient.
MNRF is beneficial not only for acne treatment but also for facial rejuvenation to reduce the effects of ageing.
ACNE SCAR TREATMENTS AT AESTHETICS MEDISPA
Acne is a common condition which leads to scarring in many patients. Acne scars spoil a person’s face and mar their self-confidence in everyday life. At Aesthetics Medispa we have advanced treatments to eliminate the scarring that occurs due to pimples. Our cosmetologists are equipped with the best of technology and techniques to improve the appearance of our patient’s face through the latest procedures.
TCA CROSS PEEL
TCA stands for TriChloroacetic Acid which is the main ingredient in the TCA CROSS Peel that drastically improves facial acne scars. CROSS stands for Chemical Reconstruction Of Skin Scars. TCA CROSS Peel is a cosmetic procedure that is effective against all levels of scarring from moderate to severe. It can treat both macular and hypertrophic scars.
The process for application of TCA CROSS Peel at Aesthetics Medispa involves cleaning the scars then applying TCA at the base of the scar and cleaning the scars once again afterwards.
TCA CROSS Peel is a highly effective procedure when dealing with acne scars. It improves the appearance of the scars immediately after the first session itself. In fact the deeper the scar is, the faster TCA can reach it and combat it.
Subcision is a surgical treatment that removes acne scars successfully. The Cosmetologist at Aesthetics Medispa, Pune performs this minor surgical procedure on patients who have deep scars and depressions on their face due to persistent acne problems.
In the Subcision procedure, the doctor gives the patient local anaesthesia then uses needles to penetrate into the base of the scar and moved around in a fan-like motion which release the fibrous bands in the deep dermis. This process is repeated individually for every acne scar.
Subcision relieves the skin of deep scars and rolling depressions that may have occurred due to the scarring. It reinvigorates the production of collagen in the affected area. Subcision is a safe process and has shown wonderful results for our patients.
PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) Therapy
PRP Therapy for treating acne scars is one of the most natural solutions imaginable. PRP therapy is preferred by both patients and doctors because it uses the patient’s own blood to nurse and heal acne scars.
Patients who have pitted scars or deep acne scars are perfect candidates for PRP therapy. In PRP therapy blood is withdrawn from the patient’s arm and purified by removing both white and red blood cells. The residue is called Platelet Rich Fibrin Matrix or “Liquid Gold”. The freshly extracted and purified Platelet Rich Fibrin Matrix is injected in the acne scar sites. This Liquid Gold stimulates the process of production of elastin and collagen in the epidermis immediately.
PRP is advantageous because it is an all-natural process, it is minimally invasive and gifts the acne-scarred skin new and improved health.
Derma Rollers are a part of the micro-needling family used to treat acne and acne scars. Derma rollers are small handheld instruments that are used to create micro pathways inside the skin to release the cosmetic product that will fight blockages, denatured collagen etc.
At Aesthetics Medispa we use this technique to benefit patients with recurring acne. The procedure stimulates the skin to begin a wound healing process and produce new collagen. The process also works well to rejuvenate the skin. Repeated sessions with Derma Rollers have a greater and more positive impact on the patient’s face and appearance.
Some do's and don'ts for acne related problems
Following a strict diet will not clear your skin. While some people feel that their acne is aggravated by certain foods, particularly chocolate, colas, peanuts, shellfish and some fatty foods, there is no scientific evidence that suggests this. However, diets high in refined sugars may be related to acne. Avoid any foods which seem to worsen your acne and, for your overall health, eat a balanced diet – but diet shouldn’t really matter if the acne is being appropriately treated. It is important to drink plenty of water to reduce the stickiness of the oily secretions.
Steps you can take to help your acne
- Clean your skin gently with a mild, nondrying soap (such as Dove, Neutrogena, Cetaphil). Remove all dirt or make-up. Wash once or twice a day, including after exercising. However, avoid scrubbing or repeated skin washing.
- Shampoo your hair daily, especially if it is oily. Comb or pull your hair back to keep the hair out of your face.
- Drinking plenty of water throughout the day.
- Avoiding oily or fatty high sugar foods
Things to avoid
- Try not to squeeze, scratch, pick, or rub the pimples. Although it might be tempting to do this, it can lead to skin infections and scarring.
- Avoid wearing tight headbands, baseball caps, and other hats.
- Avoid touching your face with your hands or fingers.
- Avoid greasy cosmetics or creams. Take off make-up at night. Look for water-based or “noncomedogenic” formulas. Noncomedogenic products have been tested and proven not to clog pores and cause acne.
What are my options for acne and acne scar treatment?
The intensity of acne treatment would depend on the severity of the acne problem. What is important and considered basic is the SELF-CARE.
If pimples are still a problem, antibiotics may help kill the bacteria causing the infection:
- Oral antibiotics (taken by mouth) such as tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, erythromycin, trimethoprim, and amoxicillin.
- Topical antibiotics (applied to the skin) such as clindamycin, erythromycin, or dapsone.
Creams or gels applied to the skin may be prescribed which help in regulating cell multiplication:
- Retinoic acid cream or gel (tretinoin, Retin-A)
- Topical azelaic acid
For women whose acne is caused or made worse by hormones:
- A pill called spironolactone may help.
- Birth control pills may help in some cases, though they may make acne worse.
- A laser procedure called photodynamic therapy.
- Your doctor at Aesthetics Medispa may also suggest chemical skin peeling, removal of scars by dermabrasion, or removal, drainage, or injection of cysts with cortisone.
Who are the ideal candidates?
Any person who is getting more than the minimal number of acne pimples, along with whiteheads, blackheads, cysts, inflamed pustules or acne scarring should seek acne treatment. Early treatment can prevent the destruction of the skin texture and appearance. Prevention is better than cure. However, people with lots of acne scarring can also seek acne treatment to improve the appearance.
What should I expect from the acne treatment?
Acne usually goes away after the teenage years, but it may last into middle age. The condition often responds well to treatment after six to eight weeks, but it may flare up from time to time.
Scarring may occur if severe acne is not treated. Some people, especially teenagers, can become very depressed if acne is not treated.
Where do I begin?
A consultation with your Aesthetic Plastic surgeon at Aesthetics Medispa is the first step to learn how acne treatment can improve the appearance of your face and texture of your skin. This consultation will fully educate you in a non-pressured environment and will include a discussion of your goals, options available for acne treatments, likely outcomes, potential risks and complications.
Before and Afters Results
* Disclaimer: Results May Differ From Person to Person. No individual result should be seen as typical
Start here, by making an appointment with Dr. Ashish
Dr. Ashish Davalbhakta (Chief Aesthetics Plastic Surgeon) is available from Mon- Sat for a virtual video consultation or an in-clinic consultation.