Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers that affect women.
Breast cancer begins in the breast tissues. It occurs when breast cells mutate and grow out of control, creating a mass of tissue (tumor). Like other types of cancer, breast cancer can invade and grow in the tissue around the breast.
We’ve listed some things you need to know about breast cancer:
Studies have shown that breast cancer risk is based on a combination of factors.
Some women develop breast cancer without known risk factors. No single risk factor causes the disease, and not all risk factors have the same effect. Although most women have some risk factors, most women never get breast cancer.
Immutable risk factors
Modifiable risk factors
Research suggests that other factors, such as physical activity, smoking, exposure to cancer-causing chemicals, and hormone replacement therapy, may also increase the risk of breast cancer.
Signs And Symptoms
Breast cancer may not show any symptoms in the early stages. Often the tumor is too small to feel, but the mammogram is still abnormal.
The first sign is usually a new breast lump that wasn’t there before. However, not all lumps are cancerous.
There are different types of breast cancer and each type of breast cancer can cause different symptoms. Many of these symptoms are similar, but some may be different. Symptoms of the most common types of breast cancer include:
Having any of these symptoms does not necessarily mean you have breast cancer. For example, breast pain and breast lumps may be caused by benign cysts.
However, if you find a lump in your breast or have other symptoms, immediately see your doctor for further evaluation and testing.
How Is Breast Cancer Diagnosed?
Some tests and procedures used to diagnose breast cancer include:
Other tests and procedures may be used depending on the circumstances.
How To Run A Self-test
It may seem strange initially to examine your breasts, but it’s important to make this part of your daily routine. Remember – prevention is much better than cure.
Breast self-examination can be done in the comfort of your home and is a useful tool for the early detection of breast cancer.
Breasts undergo many changes in shape, size, and composition from the onset of puberty to menopause. So you don’t have to worry about your body changing. It’s all-natural.
The Right Way To Examine Your Breast
Look in the mirror:
Check your breasts while lying down:
Check your chest while standing or sitting:
All of these changes help detect breast cancer earlier and thus improve survival.
When Should I See A Doctor?
Make an appointment to check for breast cancer, especially if you:
If you notice any sign or symptom listed above, contact your doctor immediately.
Early diagnosis is essential for breast cancer management and treatment.